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    大學英語六級翻譯分類詞匯:(三)社會類

    所屬教程:六級翻譯

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    qinting

    2020年09月24日

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    (三)社會類

    安居工程 housing project for low-income families

    安居小區 a neighborhood for low-income families

    保障婦女就業權利 to guarantee women's right to employment

    城鎮居民最低生活保障 guarantee of subsistence allowances for urban residents

    在城鎮強制推行以養老、失業、醫療為重點的社會保險 Social welfare insurance,particularly old-age,unemployment and medical insurance,must be made mandatory n urban areas.

    城鎮社會保障體系 the social security system in urban areas

    城鎮職工基本醫療保險制度 the basic medical insurance system for urban employees

    創新精神 be innovation-minded;to havea creative mind

    促進學生德、智、體、美全面發展 ensure that students improve in terms of their moral,intellectualand fitness level as well as in their appreciation of aesthetics

    大家庭 extended family

    大力推行個人助學信貸 Personal loans to finance education should be vigorously promoted.

    大專文憑 associate degree(conferred to junior college students)

    待業人員 job seekers

    待遇優厚的工作 a well-paid job

    單親家庭 single parent family

    定向培訓 training for specific posts

    獨生子女 the only child

    對保障方案進行精算評估 Security programs should undergo actuarial review.

    對口扶貧 provide poverty alleviation aidto the designated sister regions

    惡性犯罪 major crimes

    反對迷信 be against superstition

    福利分房 buy a benefit-oriented apartment from the organization oneworks with

    復式住宅 compound apartment

    干部年輕化 rejuvenation of cadres

    崗位培訓 on-job training

    高度重視精神文明建設 pay close attention to cultural and ethical progress

    搞好優生優育 promote good prenatal and postnatal care

    個人自愿計劃 voluntary private plans

    工傷保險制度 the on-job injury insurance system

    工資收入分配制度 the wage and income distribution system

    關系國計民生的大事 matters vital to national well-being and the people's livelihood

    關心和支持殘疾人事業 Programs to help the physically and mentally challenged deserve our care and support.

    關心老齡人 care for senior citizens

    貴族學校 exclusive school(美);select school(英)

    國企下崗職工基本生活保障 guarantee of basic cost of living allowances for workers laid off from state-owned enterprises

    過緊日子 tighten one's belt

    過溫飽生活 live a life at a subsistentlevel

    合理調整就業結構 to rationally readjustthe employment structure

    后勤服務社會化 make logistic services independent in their operation

    積極發展民辦教育 Efforts should be made to develop schools not operated by government education epartments.

    基本養老金 basic pensions

    計劃生育責任制 responsibility systemof family planning

    繼續開展“掃黃打非”斗爭 The fight against pornography,illegal publications and piracy shall be continued.

    加快住房分配貨幣化進程 capitalizationprocess of housing distribution/allocation

    加強計劃生育工作 further improve family planning

    加強輿論監督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion

    家庭美德 family virtues

    堅持“兩手抓、兩手都要硬”的方針adhere to the principle of“doing two jobs at once and attaching equalimportance to each”

    堅持正確的輿論導向 maintain the correct orientation for public opinion

    建立集體合同制度 to establish a groupcontract system

    建立市場導向的就業機制 to establish amarket-oriented employment mechanism

    建立新型的勞動關系 to establish a new type of labor relations

    建設廉潔、勤政、務實、高效政府 builda clean and diligent,pragmatic and efficient government

    建設一個富強、民主、文明的國家 build a prosperous,strong,democratic and culturally advanced country

    教育程度 educational status;education received

    教育程度比率 educational attainment ratio

    戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center

    擴大就業和再就業 to expand employment and reemployment

    勞動保障監察制度 the labor security supervision system

    勞動標準體系 labor standard system

    勞動爭議處理體制 the system of handling labor disputes

    面臨困境 face adverse conditions

    培養創新精神和實踐能力 develop practical abilities and a spirit of innovation

    破案率 rate of solved criminal cases

    強制性普及方案 universally compulsoryprogram

    切實減輕中小學生過重的課業負擔 effectively reduce too heavy homework assignments for primary and secondary school students

    確保國有企業下崗職工基本生活費和

    離退休人員基本養老金按時足額發放 to ensure that subsistence allowances for laid-off workers from state-owned enterprises and basic pensions for etirees are paid on time and in full

    人口出生率 birth rate

    人口老齡化 aging of population

    人口增長的高峰期 baby boom

    人口增長與社會經濟發展相協調 keep population growth in line with social and economic development

    人民生活水平 quality of life;the livingstandards

    認真貫徹實施中國婦女、兒童發展綱

    要 The programs for the development of work concerning women and children should be earnestly implemented.

    弱勢群體 disadvantaged groups

    掃除青壯年文盲 eliminate illiteracy among young and middle-aged people

    傷殘保險 disability insurance

    社會保障 social security

    社會保障“三條保障線”制度 social security system of“three guarantees”

    社會福利制度 the social welfare system

    社會公德 social morality

    社會互助制度 the social mutual help system

    社會治安狀況好轉 see an improved law-and-order situation our peoplea relatively comfortable life

    實行彈性大、靈活性強、多樣化的就業形式 to adopt elastic,flexible,diversified forms of employment

    實行勞動合同制度 to institute a labor contract system

    深入扎實地開展群眾性精神文明創建

    活動 Extensive public participation activities are launched to promote cultural and ethical progress.

    生活待遇 material amenities

    生活費收入 income available for cost of living

    生活費用 cost of living;income maintenance;subsistence cost

    生育保險制度 the childbirth insurancesystem

    失學兒童 dropouts

    失業保險 unemployment insurance

    失業保險制度 the unemployment insurance system

    失業率 rate of unemployment

    實施積極促進就業的政策 to implementthe policy of vigorously increasing employment

    實現基本普及九年義務教育 The goal in the effort to make nine-year compulsory education basically universal has been attained.

    實現小康目標 attain the goal of ensuring

    樹立正確的價值觀、世界觀、人生觀 help foster the morally sound values and outlook on the world and life

    思想道德建設(思想政治工作)moral education among people

    提高勞動者素質 to enhance workers' quality

    統籌兼顧城鄉就業 to make overall plans for urban and rural employment

    推動就業服務向社區延伸,形成多層

    次的就業服務網絡 to encourage the formation of community-run agencies as a part of the multi-level employment service network

    推進素質教育 push ahead with education for all-around development

    推行職業資格證書制度 to introduce a vocational qualification credentials system

    退休基金 pension fund

    脫貧 lift off poverty;cast off poverty

    完善和落實再就業優惠政策 to improveand implement preferential reemployment

    完善失業保險制度 to improve the unemployment insurance system

    文明城市 model city;culturally advanced city;city cited for high moral and cultural standards

    物業管理 estate management;property management

    消費價格總水平 the general price level

    小家庭 nuclear family

    小康生活 enjoy a fairly comfortable life;be moderately better off

    新生兒死亡率 infant mortality rate;neonatal mortality rate

    行行出狀元 Every profession produces its own leading authority.

    研究生畢業證/學位證 graduate diploma;graduate degree's diploma

    養老保險 retirement insurance

    養老保險制度 the old-age insurance system

    醫療保險 medical insurance

    應試教育體制 examination-oriented education system

    優撫安置制度 the special care and placement system

    優化就業結構 to optimize employment structure

    有公德心 be civic-minded

    輿論導向 direction of public opinion

    輿論監督 supervision by public opinion

    預期壽命 life expectancy

    自然災害救助制度 the natural disaster relief system

    在職博士生 on-job doctorate

    招生就業指導 enrolment and vocation guidance

    爭取實現高等教育大眾化 work to make regular higher education accessible to the majority of young people

    政府主導計劃 government-sponsored programs

    職業道德 ethics of profession

    中華人民共和國勞動法 the Labor Law of the People's Republic of China

    中專生 secondary specialized or technical school student

    重視發展具有比較優勢和市場潛力的勞動密集型企業 to stress the development of labor-intensive enterprises with comparative advantages and market potential

    抓好農村和流動人口計劃生育管理與服務 devote efforts to the management of family planning and related services in rural areas and among the floating population

    自然增長率 natural growth rate

    自學成才 self-taught and self-made person;become a qualified professional through self-taught way

    最低生活保障制度 the minimum living standard security system


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